There are many drawing extant showing that Mesopotamian cultures that thrived from 3500 to 500 B.C, already considered music an art and their writings throw light on both professional musicians and liturgical music’s existed. Did you know that the song by the Sumerian Hymn to Creation dated before 800 B.C was the oldest music extant noted in the history of music?
Musical Instruments like Harps, lyres, lutes, Reed pipes and drums were few of the Mesopotamian instruments that were preserved by the Contemporary East and West Africans. These were the times when Ancient Music was developed across various geographical regions such as Egypt, Persia, India, China, Greece and Rome. Ancient Music was classified by the characterization of the basic notes and scales, and its music may have been transmitted through oral or written systems. Egyptian Musical culture existed by the 4th Millennium B.C and during this time music was prominent for everyone, but The New Kingdom era changed the Egyptian Instruments when the era began in around 1700 B.C.This change may have reflected from delicate timbre instruments to louder ones, and for sure the singing pattern also drastically started to change.
Over time people started to compare and match their vocal tones to the Cultural Instruments and this brought in the aspect of Choruses and Orchestras in huge numbers said to have existed during the New Kingdom Era.
The Grecian Culture showed drastically improvisation of art and music as the influence originated Folk Music, The poetry of Sappho in 600 B.C was often sung in contests with melodies and rhythms based on the poetic meters. Singing was associated with all forms of literature and dance, Greek Philosophers gave great value to music and its cultural purposes and hence a complex theory of music was developed. While the Judaic Era around 500 B.C has preserved some melodies such as The Psalms of David and the Song of Solomon were sung and by then there was professional music and musicians who used responsorial and antiphonal style in singing the Psalms. People from all around the world started to realize that Human voice is a readily accepted portable instrument and communal singing served to bind people together.